Dog Bite Injury Laws for Eagle, Idaho
Have you or your child been injured by a dog and the dog bite occurred in Eagle? Below are the dog bite injury laws for Eagle, Idaho that are relevant to the ownership and control of a dog. Please check the following link to city ordinances for any updates or changes to the laws: https://codelibrary.amlegal.com/codes/eagleid/latest/eagle_id/0-0-0-1391 Title 4, Chapter 5, Animal Control):
Running at Large Prohibited
Any person or persons keeping, harboring, possessing, caring for, or having any custodial duties over any animal that is found at large upon the streets, alleys, or any other public place or upon any other premises without the consent of the person in possession of such premises, within the city, is responsible for such animal being at large and is in violation of this section, unless:
- Such animal is controlled by a leash not exceeding eight feet (8′) in length;
- Such animal is confined in a motor vehicle; or
- When such animal is in the immediate care and control of a competent and responsible attendant within a municipal park facility specifically designated to allow such off leash use.
It shall be unlawful for any person or persons keeping, harboring, possessing, controlling, caring for or having any custodial duties over any animal to fail to exercise proper care and control of such animal to prevent it from becoming a public nuisance. Such person or persons shall be guilty of allowing such animal to become a public nuisance when the animal:
- Makes excessive, continuous, or untimely barking or other noise; or (Ord. 688, 2-13-2013)
- Molests pedestrians, without attacking, or chases motor vehicles; or (Ord. 743, 11-17-2015)
- Trespasses upon public or private property in such a manner as to damage the property; or
- Discharges feces upon public property or private property without the consent of the owner of such property unless the material is immediately removed; or
- Where city signs are so posted in a city park, play field or other property, all dogs must be on a leash not exceeding eight feet (8′) in length. No animal shall be taken upon or allowed to be upon the premises of any city owned, leased, subject to a city held right of way or easement, right of way easement held by the city, natural area, park, playground or play field park where designated as prohibited.
- If animals are allowed, the owner or custodian of the animal must comply with all animal regulations of the city park, play field or other property.
- The city council may, by resolution, allow animal exhibitions or shows in city parks and establish rules and regulations governing animals when allowed in any city owned, leased or maintained beach, natural area, park, playground or play field park or play field.
- This section shall not apply to:
- Police officers and their service animals during the official performance of their duties;
- Handlers of search and rescue animals during the official performance of their duties; or
- Persons with disabilities utilizing assistance animals.
A dog of any age, male or female, which, when unprovoked, in a vicious or terrorizing manner, approaches or chases any person or other animal in an apparent attitude of attack upon the streets, sidewalks, any public grounds or places or private property not owned or possessed by the owner of the dog; or a dog with a known propensity, tendency or disposition to attack unprovoked, to cause injury or to otherwise endanger the safety of persons or domestic animals; or any dog which bites, inflicts injury, assaults or otherwise attacks a person or domestic animal without provocation; or any dog owned or harbored primarily or in part for the purpose of fighting or any dog trained for fighting.
Notwithstanding the above definition of a “vicious dog”, no dog may be declared vicious if an injury or damage sustained by a person who, at the time such injury or damage was sustained, was committing a willful trespass or other tort upon the premises occupied by the owner of the dog; or was teasing, tormenting, abusing, or assaulting the dog; or was committing or attempting to commit a crime.
No dog may be declared vicious if the injury or damage was sustained as a result of teasing, tormenting, abusing or assaulting the dog. No dog may be declared vicious if the dog was protecting or defending a person within the immediate vicinity of the dog from an unjustified attack or assault.
The city clerk or authorized individual(s) are authorized to enforce the provisions of this chapter and are designated as peace officers for such purpose. The city clerk or authorized individual(s) shall be and are hereby authorized to make all necessary seizures and keep and remove any animal in violation of the provisions of this chapter. The city clerk or authorized individual(s) shall issue a notice of ordinance violation for a violation of any of the provisions herein. The notice of ordinance violation may be signed by any person in whose presence a violation occurred and be witnessed by the city clerk or authorized individual(s) whose name shall be endorsed on the notice of ordinance violation.
Determination of Viciousness and Destruction of Vicious Dogs
The city clerk or authorized individual(s) shall capture, impound and may destroy any dog found to be vicious pursuant to the determination of this section. The determination of viciousness and disposal of such dogs shall be as follows:
- Determination of A Vicious Dog:
- In the event that the city clerk or authorized individual(s) has probable cause to believe that a dog is vicious, the city clerk or authorized individual(s) are hereby empowered to seize and impound such dog. In the event the owner refuses to surrender the dog to the city clerk or authorized individual(s), the city clerk or authorized individual(s) may employ any legal means to seize the dog.
- The director of the Idaho Humane Society or his designated representative shall be empowered to convene a hearing for the purpose of determining whether or not the dog in question should be declared vicious. The director of the Idaho Humane Society or his designated representative shall conduct or cause to be conducted an investigation and shall notify the owner of the dog that a hearing will be held, at which time the owner may have the opportunity to present evidence why the dog should not be declared vicious. The owner of the dog has the burden of proof to show the dog is not vicious. The hearing shall be held no less than five (5) days nor more than ten (10) days after service of notice upon the owner of the dog. The hearing shall be informal and be open to the public.
- After the hearing, the owner of the dog shall be notified in writing of the determination. The notice of the determination shall be mailed to the owner of the dog with the presumption that the owner of the dog received the notice not more than three (3) days from the date the notice was mailed.
- Destruction of Vicious Dog:
- If the determination is made that the dog is vicious, the dog shall be subject to destruction after ten (10) days from the date the notice of determination of viciousness was mailed to the owner of the dog. If the owner of the dog contests the determination, the owner may, within five (5) days of receiving such determination, bring a petition in magistrate court, in the fourth judicial district, in the state of Idaho, in and for the county of Ada, wherein the dog is owned, praying that the court conducts its own hearing on whether or not the animal should be declared vicious. The petition shall be governed by the Idaho rules of civil procedure. The owner of the dog has the burden of proof to show the dog is not vicious. The destruction of the dog shall be stayed pending the outcome of the appeal.
- If the court finds that the dog is not vicious as defined by this chapter, such dog may be released into the custody of the owner upon payment to the shelter or animal control officer of the expenses of impounding such dog.
- If the court finds that the dog is vicious as defined by this chapter, such dog shall be subject to destruction by the Idaho Humane Society, Inc.
- Proclamation of Mayor: The mayor of the city is hereby authorized and empowered to issue a proclamation upon order of the city council whenever the prevalence of rabies in the city and vicinity deems it necessary calling attention of the public to the necessity of complying with the provisions of this chapter relative hereto.
- Running At Large During Prevalence Of Rabies: It shall be unlawful for the owner or keeper of any dog to permit such dog to run at large within the limits of the city, during the prevalence of rabies in the city, or after the issuance of a mayor’s proclamation as provided in subsection A of this section.
- Keeping Dog Afflicted With Rabies: It shall be unlawful for any person to own, keep or harbor any dog afflicted with rabies.
- Confinement; Fee; Disposition: It is hereby made the duty of any owner of a dog showing symptoms of rabies, or of an unvaccinated dog which has bitten any person causing an abrasion of the skin, to surrender the dog for confinement at the Idaho Humane Society, or to a licensed veterinarian, for a minimum of ten (10) days. If such dog shall be determined free of rabies, the same shall be returned to the owner upon payment of the regular fee for keeping dogs impounded. If such fee is not paid, the dog shall be subject to disposal as provided by law. At the discretion of either the Idaho Humane Society, the Central District health department, or the lieutenant in charge of the Ada County sheriff’s department substation in the city of Eagle, the quarantine of a dog may be upon the premises of the owner, or the person in charge of such dog, if the dog is securely confined, kept from contact with other animals and is submitted to a veterinarian for examination at the owner’s expense to determine whether or not the dog is rabid.
Boise, Idaho Law Office
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1150 W State St. #300
Boise, ID 83702